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Asking For Help

Foundations Course


Along your programming journey, you will inevitably need to ask questions in an online coding community like ours, or in conversations with your colleagues. While asking questions may seem rather simple, in a programming environment it is essential to ask well formed questions with as much context as needed so you can get the most out of asking for help. In essence, “help others help you!” This lesson will provide you with the tools to effectively ask questions in communities such as our Discord chat, Stack Overflow, and in the workplace!

Lesson Overview

This section contains a general overview of topics that you will learn in this lesson.

  • Explain techniques for asking programming questions
  • Explain and avoid qualities of “bad” questions
  • Ask effective and well formed questions

Tips for Getting the Best Help Possible

Always Provide Your Code and the Surrounding Context

You can ask theoretical, vague questions, but you’re going to get theoretical, vague answers that probably won’t be helpful to you and cause frustration on both ends as you and the person helping you dance around the real issue. The only time code doesn’t need to be provided is if you are asking a purely conceptual question outside of a specific project or code snippet. Additionally, provide as much context as is necessary, and zero in on the specific problem, such as pointing people to a specific function or line number in your code so people can give you the most relevant answers and quickly assist you.

Ask About the Problem at Hand, Not the Solution Itself

A lot of learners ask exactly how to approach a given task or assignment in this curriculum, such as the below:

  • “How do I complete Step 5 of the Rock Paper Scissors Assignment”?

Keep in mind that you’re actually supposed to figure out how to solve the assignments yourself, and figuring out an approach is essential to your learning journey. A much better question might look like this:

  • “Hey, I’m trying to return a string that displays the winner in Rock Paper Scissors, but I’m getting a syntax error on line 12. How can I fix this? Here’s my code.”

In sharing your attempt, people know what you’ve tried and won’t suggest things that might not have worked out for you. It also allows them to debug your current iteration of code, rather than sending you down a path that has you start all over again when you might be very close to a solution.

Now, if you’re completely stuck with where to start, it’s completely fine to let people know that you’re stuck. Asking where you can start and what you can research to get on the right track empowers you to be able to resolve issues largely on your own in the future, and might even empower you to help others with the same issue later on. It is also recommended that you share your pseudo code so people can nudge you in the right direction or correct any misunderstandings you may have.

Don’t Take Asking for More Context to Heart

People who volunteer in coding communities are here to help! But a question you may feel is coherent and “obvious” probably isn’t if you are being asked for more context. While something may seem “obvious” to a beginner, it’s sometimes nowhere near “obvious” to an expert. An expert knows about many, many more situations that could cause an issue someone is experiencing, and would want to refrain from sending a learner down the wrong path. People take time out of their day to help, so make it as easy as possible for them to help you! There’s probably a good reason why they need more information, so trust their judgment and experience when they ask. Many people who help in coding chats are unpaid volunteers, and are in no way obligated to answer your query. But because they truly do want to help you, they will ask for more information when needed!


  1. Read and bookmark this amazing article by Gordon Zhu. It is a great reference to refer to whenever you find yourself needing to ask for help, and you might find yourself solving your own problem as you think about the points listed in the article.
  2. Read about the “XY Problem”, which is a common pitfall both new and experienced programmers fall into when asking questions.
  3. Check out this article from the world’s most popular programming help resource, Stack Overflow.
  4. While asking for help is encouraged, it’s important to avoid becoming a “help vampire” and be respectful of the communities or persons you are asking for help. This resource goes in depth to identify what a “help vampire” is, gives those who help others the tools to empower folks to ask questions effectively, and help the “help vampire” effectively.

Knowledge Check

This section contains questions for you to check your understanding of this lesson on your own. If you’re having trouble answering a question, click it and review the material it links to.

Additional Resources

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